The Most Important Facts About Organic Farming
The need for a more sustainable approach to food production became more apparent as the world’s population grew fast by the help of Organic Farming. Unsustainable farming techniques, which are only focused on increasing yields, exacerbate global challenges such as:
- Climate changes.
- Biodiversity is being lost.
- Erosion of the soil.
- Pollution of the world’s most valuable natural resources (soil and water).
Many countries and farmers have begun to adopt organic farming practices in order to meet global food demands and to offset the aforementioned issues. There are about 2.3 million organic farmers in 172 countries. More importantly, the amount of agricultural area used for organic farming is growing all the time. Despite this, organic farming barely accounts for about 1% of total agricultural acreage.
Why is Organic Farming So Special?
Organic farming is founded on unique values as a wholly natural and sustainable farm management technique. To put it another way, organic farming is both an agricultural practice and a philosophy of cooperating with nature.
Organic farming attempts to develop a socially, ecologically, and economically sustainable food production system as a holistic farm management method.
An Organic farming, to put it another way, is based on maintaining the agro-ecosystem rather than relying on external farming inputs like pesticides, artificial fertilizers, additives, and genetically engineered organisms.
Organic farming involves the use of traditional farm practices in combination with advanced scientific research and current farm advances. Manuring and biological soil disinfestation are two examples.
The Main Principles of Organic Farming
Organic farming is strictly controlling in each country, although there are a few universal principles:
- Organic farming, according to the health concept, is mean to protect and improve the health of all creatures (this includes soil microorganisms, as well as humans).
- The ecological principle, which states that organic farming should maintain and benefit the environment (landscape, climate, natural habitats, biodiversity, air, water, and soil).
- The fairness concept attempts to offer socially and environmentally responsible management of natural resources, as well as an adequate supply of high-quality food and other goods.
- The idea of care emphasizes the importance of caution and responsibility in organic farm management.
Powerful and Completely Natural Farm Practices
Organic farmers are true lifesavers who work tirelessly to provide nutritious and healthful food. They also have the task of maintaining or improving the most valuable natural resources while conserving the environment for future generations. As a result, many people are curious about how organic farmers handle their agricultural production. The answer is usually determined by each country’s laws and regulations. However, the following are some of the most common organic farm management practices:
- Crop rotation is a technique for maintaining soil fertility and improving crop protection against pests.
- Organic nutrition management is center on increasing organic matter in the soil through manuring, composting, or mulching.
- Cover crops are a good way to control insect pests and weeds while also preventing soil erosion and increasing nutrient content in the soil.
- Crop protection strategies such as resistant variety selection, planting or sowing adaptation, and harvesting time
- As a biological pest control method, relying on natural predators
- Weeding as a non-chemical weed control method
- Anaerobic soil disinfestation is a technique for removing or reducing soil-borne pests.
- A certain amount of space between the crops is require.
- Soil cultivation via mechanical means
- Materials that can be recycle.
- Using renewable energy sources.
To Farm Organically or Not?
There are several public and scientific debates over the benefits and drawbacks. The majority of them are concerned with the economics and productivity of organic crop cultivation.
When it comes to yields, organic farming is still behind conventional. However, in some circumstances, it has produced larger yields than conventional.
Certified organic items, on the other hand, frequently have higher market prices than their conventional counterparts. This is primarily due to the scarcity of organic items on the market. As a result, there is a greater demand for organically grown crops.
Another factor to consider is that farming is a labor-intensive farm practice that necessitates a significant amount of effort. More importantly, a farmer must deal with and adhere to difficult and tight rules in order to effectively utilize the environment and practice organically.
Being an organic farmer isn’t easy, after all. However, it provides some unique benefits and opens up new avenues for achieving long-term crop production.
So, open your mind to the wonders of nature and give organic farm management a try!